Cultivation methods can be broadly categorized into two types: hand cultivation and mechanical cultivation. Hand cultivation involves manually removing weeds using hand tools, while mechanical cultivation employs tractor-mounted implements for weed control. The choice between the two depends on several factors.
- Acreage: Larger acreage, typically five acres or more, often necessitates mechanical cultivation due to the time and labor-intensive nature of hand cultivation. Smaller farms ranging from one to two acres can operate effectively with hand tools.
- Labor Availability and Cost: The availability and cost of labor significantly influence the decision between hand and mechanical cultivation. Abundant and affordable labor may encourage growers to rely more on manual cultivation methods.